About Psychotherapy and Counselling
The term "psychotherapy" comes from the ancient Greek words Ψυχ? which means “soul”, "spirit” and θεραπε?α which means “therapy", "rehabilitation", "cure” or “care". Psychotherapy has a long history of development and has evident theoretical and practical links with Psychology, Philosophy, Social Sciences and Medicine (e.g. Psychiatry and Neuropathology). However, modern Psychotherapy is an independent scientific discipline, the practice of which represents an independent and free profession, in accordance with Strasbourg Declaration on Psychotherapy of 1990. Training in psychotherapy takes place at an advanced, qualified and scientific level and covers theory, self-experience, and practice under supervision.
Counselling is also considered as an effective method of helping in various problematic life situations. In counselling, the problem solution is primarily aimed to the achievement of awareness of how both client and situation contribute in the problem and finding an adequate way for returning the person to his/her “normal” level of adaptation. For this, it is often enough to look at things differently, to change the perception or attitude. Counselling usually lasts a few sessions.
In certain cases the problem situations are repeated over and over again in different variations, these situations have a long-term nature, or individuals experience a lack of satisfaction and fullness of life. Many people have a “story of their life” problem, and in such cases psychotherapy likely can help.
In contrast to counselling, therapy process is not so much focused on the problem situation or a client's symptoms, but on his/her personality and exploration of a deep relationship between his/her unique life experience and his/her existing problems. Psychotherapy facilitates awareness and the gradual transformation of the person and his/her life attitudes in order to achieve positive changes and personal growth process which enable individual to find own ways and resources to cope with life challenges. Usually, this is quite a long process, but the result is worth it. Successful psychotherapy leads to sustained positive changes and discovering a full potential for a further personal development and increasing a quality of his/her life.